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Please Be Advised: Breastfeeding can be a sensitive topic, especially for mamas who were not able to meet their breastfeeding goals for whatever reason, or mamas who knew they wanted to formula feed. As a breastfeeding advocate, I will always encourage a mother to breastfeed if that is her goal. Please do not mistake this for being against moms who choose formula or supplement with it. We are all doing the best we can with the information and support we have. Please read the following post with caution if breastfeeding is an emotional or sensitive topic for you.
Most new moms I’ve met who hope to breastfeed have one thing in common: They’re nervous.
They’ve heard it was difficult. They saw a friend or relative struggle. They aren’t confident they can do it. Maybe they tried once before and didn’t meet their goals.
As scary as all these feelings are, they’re normal. In fact, I would even go so far as to say they’re good. When worry motivates us to be proactive, it can be a good thing!
If you’re a mom looking for resources to get your breastfeeding journey on track, you’ve come to the right place!
When I was struggling to breastfeed, these articles were the most helpful ones I came across. They answered my most pressing questions and gave me confidence when my resolve was faltering.
You might notice that some of the advice in these articles goes against something your pediatrician may have told you. Unfortunately, most pediatricians are NOT educated in lactation and have very fragmented infant nutrition training. The following articles are written by International Board Certified Lactation Consultants. These professionals have received the highest level credential in their field, so their knowledge is trustworthy! An IBCLC can assist with your unique lactation needs, so if you have special circumstances or specific questions, reach out to an IBCLC in your area for help!
Disclaimer: The information found in this post, on this blog, and within any breastfeeding resources created by Mom Makes Joy should never be a substitute for lactation advice or in-person assessment given by an appropriately credentialed healthcare/lactation professional.
LOW MILK SUPPLY 101
Do you think you might have low milk supply? Did your mom, sister, or friend deal with supply issues? The idea of not making enough milk can be a frightening one, especially for new moms who don’t have many breastfeeding friends or family members to look to for guidance.
The good news is, the vast majority of mothers are physically capable of producing enough milk for their babies! Many “signs” of low supply aren’t actually reliable indicators of true supply issues, and many actual supply problems are instead created by well-meaning–but ill-informed–people providing new moms with bad advice.
You can learn more about the true indicators of low supply in this article here: Low Milk Supply 101 by Emma Pickett, IBCLC
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FEEDING SCHEDULE? NO THANKS.
Remember that “bad advice” I just told you about? This is a prime example of it.
Did you know feeding your baby according to a set schedule can actually be more harmful than helpful? Breastfed babies are best fed on demand in order to maintain milk supply. These two articles explain the importance of this very well:
The Dangerous Game of Feeding Interval Obsession by Emma Pickett, IBCLC
The ‘Magic Number’ and Long Term Milk Production by Nancy Mohrbacher, IBCLC, FILCA
“Experts” who recommend feeding baby on a parent-directed schedule with the goal of increasing the amount of time between feeds have been strongly critiqued by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Parent-directed feeding is, unfortunately, not an evidence-based practice and can easily result in low milk supply issues.
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When you see moms post pictures in your mom group of the two eight ounce bottles they pumped that morning, it can be a little disheartening–particularly if you’re only getting, at best, 2-4 ounces.
But did you know that 2-4 ounces is actually normal pump output when you’re pumping for a missed feed? That’s right! Those giant 8-10 oz bottles your friends are pumping are the exception, not the rule.
It’s important to have realistic expectations when it comes to pumping output. You can learn more about what these should be here: How Much Milk Should You Expect to Pump by Nancy Mohrbacher, IBCLC, FILCA
And if you’re having trouble pumping, this may help quite a bit: To Pump More Milk, Use Hands-On Pumping by Nancy Mohrbacher, IBCLC, FILCA
Bottle feeding has become a norm in our culture, so it may surprise you to know that relatively few people know the proper way to bottle feed a breastfed baby.
Allowing baby to guzzle a bottle at will increase the likelihood that they are being overfed, and very young babies will continue to suck and swallow even when they’ve eaten enough because it is a reflex until about 4 months of age. It is difficult–sometimes impossible–to keep up pumping for a baby taking in more than he needs.
Furthermore, it can make a breastfed baby become accustomed to–and prefer–the fast flow of milk from a bottle and reject the breast, thereby leaving you tethered to a pump even outside of work.
If your baby will be fed bottles of pumped milk, make sure you and baby’s caregiver is familiar with paced feeding!
Kellymom, a highly reputable breastfeeding resource, explains how to do this here: How to Bottle Feed the Breastfed Baby
GALACTOGOGUES – WHAT?
If you believe you might be dealing with low supply, you might be tempted to try things like teas, oatmeal, or brewers yeast to boost your supply. Although moms swear by these remedies (called “galactogogues”), they may not be the best first line of defense against low milk supply issues.
Not only is there very little research to indicate galactogogues are effective, but some herbal remedies (like fenugreek) actually decrease supply in some women!
The truth is, the BEST way to increase and maintain milk supply is frequent and thorough expression of milk from the breasts. According to Kellymom, “To speed milk production and increase overall milk supply, the key is to remove more milk from the breast and to do this frequently, so that less milk accumulates in the breast between feedings.”
So don’t stress out about which lactation cookie recipe is the best or which color Gatorade will do the trick. You could drink a river of Body Armor, but if you are not removing milk often enough, no drink or cookie will fix the problem.
TONGUE AND LIP TIES
If you’re having latch issues or problems with reflux, a tongue tie may be the hidden culprit. Furthermore, tongue ties can cause low supply, since they make it more difficult for baby to stimulate the breast and remove milk properly.
Tongue ties are notoriously difficult to diagnose, since many providers (including pediatricians, pediatric dentists, and ENTs) are not properly trained to evaluate for them–even if they tell you they are.
In fact, tongue ties are so often misunderstood, that I dedicated an entire blog post to them, which you can check out here. In case you don’t believe me, this article explains some of the basics:
Tell Me About Tongue Ties by By Norma Ritter, IBCLC, RLC
Which articles did you find the most helpful in your breastfeeding journey?
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